Dive into the mempool: insights and tips for Bitcoin transactions

The mempool is a crucial part of the Bitcoin network. It acts as a kind of waiting room for all unconfirmed transactions before they are added to the blockchain. In this blog post, we would like to explain what the mempool is for and what it has to do with the fees for Bitcoin transactions. Last but not least, we have a tip on how you can save transaction fees by briefly analyzing the mempool.

What is the mempool?

The mempool is a crucial part of the Bitcoin network that is often overlooked. It acts as a kind of waiting room for all unconfirmed transactions before they are added to the blockchain. Every time a Bitcoin user wants to make an on-chain payment, that payment is distributed across the network as a transaction. These transactions accumulate in the mempool until miners add them to a new block.

The size of the mempool and the associated transaction fees fluctuate constantly. This is because the network can only process a limited amount of transaction data per block, resulting in competition for limited space in the next block.

How deep is the mempool?

The volume of mempools, i.e. the number of people waiting in the waiting room, is influenced by a variety of factors, including the trading behavior of users and global activity on the network. For example, large Bitcoin exchange rate fluctuations often cause an increase in transactions, as many users want to react quickly. When the rate of transactions created exceeds the supply of available block space, the mempool grows faster than transactions can be confirmed.

Interestingly enough, transaction creation appears to follow daily and weekly patterns, with activity increasing at the start of the business day in Europe and declining again after closing on the US West Coast. In general, the transaction volume decreases over the weekend, which leads to a decrease in mempool volume.

Read and understand mempool charts

The Mempool can be accessed via various online services, such as the well-known service mempool.space be viewed. These show data from an individual node and provide a visual representation of the Mempool size in megabytes and the outstanding transaction fees.

The colored bands in the graph represent different fee ranges. Different colors are usually chosen for the various services. In all cases, however, the color bands show a transition from low-urgency transactions to medium-priority transactions to transactions that require quick confirmation.

Source: screenshot from the weekly view of mempool.space on 09.11.2023

The right time for your transaction

Deciding when to send a Bitcoin transaction should be based on the urgency of the payment. If you need quick confirmation, e.g. for a payment that is urgently expected by the recipient, you will have to pay a correspondingly higher fee. However, if you're flexible, you can wait until the size of the mempool decreases and get by with a lower fee. Sending transactions over the weekend can be an effective strategy as there is generally less activity on the network.


Analyzing the mempool can help you optimize fees for Bitcoin transactions. If you understand the patterns of Mempool activity and adjust transaction fees accordingly, you can save costs and make your transactions more efficient.

At Coinfinity, we send your Bitcoin in a collective transaction with other buyers whenever possible to keep transaction costs low for you. Try it out now, for example with a Savings Plan.

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